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Shelter In Place

What Does It Mean to “Shelter in Place”?

Be prepared for staying put
Wednesday, May 3, 2017, 2:49 PM

As you work on you emergency preparedness it is important to understand the new vocabulary. Terms that you hear quite a bit are “Shelter in Place” and “Grab and Go." It is important to make sure you have emergency supplies that allow you to do both.

Depending on the disaster and depending on the circumstances surrounding the disaster you may need to “Shelter in Place” or you may need to evacuate or “Grab and Go."

The term "sheltering in place" became very popular following 9/11. There was a lot of talk at that time regarding the possibility of a chemical or biological terrorist attack that would make it necessary for you to stay put, usually in your home. It's similar to when families hunker down in preparation for a hurricane or approaching storm.

The basic premise of sheltering in place is that if it is unsafe to leave your residence you will need to stay put and find everything you need to survive where you are. Hopefully, you will shelter in place at your home, but it might be that you have to shelter in place at your place of work, at school or at some other location.

Following a disaster, if it is safe to stay in your home, that is ideal. Whether you know it or not, you will have many emergency supplies at your disposal that will help you survive. The most important part of staying in your home is that it provides excellent shelter to keep you out of the elements. With a little bit of planning and preparation, you can build up your shelter-in-place supplies that will allow you to survive after a disaster.

You will want to have supplies for at least the first 72 hours. It's recommended that you have a shelter in place kit for at least two weeks or longer if you can afford it. Here are some items to have in your “Shelter in Place” supplies:

Water

Store water in barrels or 5 gallon containers. Make sure you use a Water Preserver to extend the storage life of the water.
Water filter. Having either a micro water filter or a more robust system will allow you to clean suspect water that you will get at your residence.

Food

• Use the food that will spoil first, then use the supplies in your pantry.
• Have long term food storage, such as freeze-dried food along with enough water to reconstitute.
• Store a wide variety of food in case you need to shelter in place for a long period of time.

Fuel & Generators

• You may have to shelter in place without any electricity or heat. Make sure you have a portable stove that will allow you to cook your food.
• Storing some wood at your house to make a fire if needed is a good idea. Make sure you have water proof matches, a lighter and a flint & steel.
• If you are able, purchasing a generator for your house is an extremely valuable item. Make sure you have some fuel set aside to run the generator.

Warmth

• Store warm blankets with your shelter in place supplies. You may not have heat and it will be critical to stay warm.

Light & Communication

• You should have a quality battery-powered and hand crank multi-band radio to get information from local and national sources.
• For light, make sure you have a combination of flashlights, light sticks, lanterns and candles and all necessary batteries.
• Two battery powered 2-way radios are very helpful to stay in contact with loved ones or neighbors.

First-aid & Hygiene

• A shelter in place first-aid kit should be much more comprehensive than your grab-n-go first-aid kit. Make sure you stock common medications that you and your loved ones will need.
• Have a personal hygiene kit in your shelter in place supplies. You may want to consider a portable potty as well, in case the plumbing is disrupted.
• Stock N95 masks to protect against airborne pathogens.

Daily Items

• Make sure you take care of the most vulnerable ones in your group first. Small children and older people are often overlooked in emergency supplies.
• If necessary, stock baby food and diapers for babies.
• Have a supply of simple but warm clothing for everyone in the family. Make sure the clothing is easy to layer.
• Have some games or other distractions to help keep people occupied and improve moral.
• Have some paper goods, like paper plates, cups, napkins, spoons, forks, etc. that can be used for eating.

Tools

• You may want to have items like a crowbar, small axe, folding shovel, rope, duct tape, plastic sheeting and gas shut off wrench.

Your Recommendations

Comment below and tell us what you have in your shelter in place supplies. What have you found helpful? What do you think would come in handy? Spread the word to others and start the discussion.

~ Brandon Garrett


Brandon Garrett is a preparedness consultant and team member of The Ready Store.  He writes informative articles and information for the ReadyBlog, the Ready Store's blog and educational section pertaining to topics of the economy, resiliency, and preparedness issues. 

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4 Comments

Wendy S. Delmater's picture
Wendy S. Delmater
Status: Diamond Member (Offline)
Joined: Dec 13 2009
Posts: 1978
Stabilizer for gasoline

If you store gasoline as fuel for your vehicle, use approved containers as a safety necessity. And make sure you use a fuel stabilizer like STA-BIL. Only store non-ethanol gas because the ethanol partially separates out into water,  in time. 

Also, rotate the gasoline every six months. Just fill your car with the stored gasoline and fill the cans again. 

Barnbuilder's picture
Barnbuilder
Status: Bronze Member (Offline)
Joined: May 7 2014
Posts: 56
Stabilizer

Good advice on the fuel. I have found STA-BIL to be an inferior product though. I have been using PRI-G for gasoline and PRI-D for diesel for over ten years. These were developed for the marine industry and work very well. I have stored diesel that I treated once a year for over eight years with no water separation and no algae growth in a 300 gallon tank.  I cannot get ethanol free gas here. Yet I have had no water separation in my 300 gallon tank and all of my small power equipment easily over-winters without gum build up clogging up the float valves and jets. I don't drain the bowls in the Fall and everything starts fine in the Spring. It is the best investment for small cost you can do to make sure your fuel is usable when you really really need it.

Afridev's picture
Afridev
Status: Silver Member (Online)
Joined: Oct 11 2013
Posts: 101
Alkylate petrol

Alkylate petrol (example http://www.aspen.se/Ireland/About_alkylate_petrol) is very popular in Sweden for smaller machines. It's more expensive then normal petrol, but has a number of advantages, one of them a supposed shelf life of 3-5 years (http://en.aspen.se/Home/Common_questions_and_answers_)

blackeagle's picture
blackeagle
Status: Silver Member (Offline)
Joined: May 16 2013
Posts: 209
Fuel

I store very little gas and only the one with the highest octane content. It does not contain Ethanol.

Most of my small engines (generator, trash pump, backhoe) have been modified to accept propane. The modification consists of replacing the carburetor by a bi-fuel one (Very inexpensive from China as all Honda-clones engines uses carburetors with same attachments).

Here is a sample link.

Also, propane has infinite shelf life and is less expensive than gas.

 

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