- Why No Nation Truly Has Full Control Over Its Currency
- Why Sovereign Efforts To Control Currencies Is Driving Capital Into Digital Currencies
- The Driver's Of Digital Currency & Value
- Calculating Bitcoin's Fair Value
If you have not yet read Part 1: Why The U.S. Dollar And Bitcoin Keep Rising available free to all readers, please click here to read it first.
In Part 1, we reviewed the dynamics of demand and utility that drive the valuation of any tradeable good, service, commodity and currency. We established that it’s impossible to understand how a fiat currency such as the U.S. dollar can retain a value above its tangible value of zero unless we accept its utility value and its non-tangible sources of value, i.e. the wealth and wealth generation of the issuing nation and state.
We now turn to the second half of the question posed in Part 1: Why isn’t the market value of a digital currency such as bitcoin zero?
Or perhaps more interestingly: How high might the price of bitcoin go?
To answer this question, we must investigate another question: Can any state control the value of its currency and its place in the global economy? I suggest the answer is no. Beneath a surface veneer of status quo continuity, nations and states are losing the ability to control their role in the global economy and thus the utility of their currency.
To understand why, we turn to socio-historian Immanuel Wallerstein.
Who Controls a Rapidly Changing World-System?
Wallerstein is recognized for advancing the concept of world-system, his term for what I call a global Mode of Production, i.e., the political, social, financial and economic system that governs the relations of power, labor, capital, trade and resources (broadly speaking, our understanding of Nature and the extraction of its resources). In a recent essay China is Confident: How Realistic?, he observed that "countries (have lost the ability) to control what happens to them in the ongoing life of the modern world-system."
These two paragraphs get to the essence of his analysis…