Info about Renewable Energy Plans in India
One of the architects of 21st Century India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, who was President of India from 2002 to 2007, has long stressed on a Vision 2020, energy independence and PURA (Providing Urban amenities in Rural Areas). I would like more information on the steps India is taking to achieve these.
India has 17% of the world’s population,
but only about 0.8% of the world’s known oil and natural gas resources. Based
on the progress visualized for India
in next two decades, the power generating capacity has to increase to 400,000
MW by the year 2030 from the current 130,000 MW in India. For energy independence, Dr.
Abdul Kalam’s goals are that in 2030, the hydel capacity should contribute
80,000 MW, large-scale solar energy farms around 55,000 MW, wind energy 64,000
MW, nuclear power plants 50,000 MW and rest 15,000 MW through use of solid bio
mass, bio fuel and municipal waste.
Dr. Manmohan Singh has added weight to Dr. Kalam’s views on energy security and
renewable energy. The National Common Minimum Programme has committed to
develop our renewable energy potential. Indian government has launched the
Rajiv Gandhi Vidyutikaran Yojana and a programme called ‘Bharat Nirman’, to
complete rural electrification within the next 5 years. The program looks to
combine power generation through thermal, hydro etc., replace diesel with
bio-fuels in agricultural pump-sets and tractors, hi-tech biomass gasification
for cooking and lighting, and develop frontier technologies like hydrogen and
The current Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh has spoken about how India’s
sustained economic development is vitally dependent on the country’s energy
security and on the simultaneous promotion of sustainable and environment
friendly energy technologies. The present government (UPA or United Progressive
Alliance headed by Smt. Sonia Gandhi) has constitued the Rajiv Gandhi Akshay
Urja Divas or Renewable Energy Day. The day honors the late Rajiv Gandhi’s
commitment to the country’s energy security. There is also the Rajiv Gandhi
Urja Bhawan will undertake holistic research in all forms of clean and
renewable energy sources.
But Dr. Singh says it is an even bigger challenge to create public awareness
about renewable energy. The industry is responding to the PM’s view. For this,
there is the Green Energy Summit 2009 from 4-6 March in Bangalore, for which
Dr. Kalam is the Chief Patron. Green Energy Summit 2009, held in association
with the Government of India (DST), the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy
(MNRE), World Council for Renewable Energy (WCRE), UNEP, TERI, BEE, IREDA,
Government of Karnataka, and several other governmental and bi-lateral
agencies, is India’s first global summit dedicated to sustainable development,
renewable energy and clean technologies: http://www.greenenergysummit.com/.
The organisers (Saltmarch) have assembled a team of the brightest Green Energy
intelligentsia from across the world to speak at the summit: Bharat Ratna Dr
APJ Abdul Kalam (Former President of India), Dr. Hermann Scheer (Member of
Parliament, Germany), H E Corrado Clini (Minister for Environment, Land &
Sea, Italy), Dr. Christopher Flavin (President, World Watch Institute), Dr. Dan
Arvizu (Director, U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy
Laboratory (NREL)), Dr. Mohamed T. El-Ashry (Chair, Renewable Energy Global
Policy Network (REN21)), Dr. Wolfgang Palz (Chairman of the World Council for
Renewable Energy (WCRE)), Nitin Desai (Special Adviser to the Secretary General
for the World Summit on the Information Society), Michael T. Eckhart
(President, American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE)), Dr. Marianne
Osterkorn (International Director, REEEP Vienna) and several other technology
The summit is covering topics including policy & framework, finance &
strategy, CDM, China- Middle East-collaboration, solar, wind, fuels &
transportation, green IT, energy efficiency, green buildings, small hydro,
cogeneration, green buildings & architecture, environment. There is also a
conclave of bankers, VCs, PE investors and aid organizations and a second
conclave of Chief Secretaries, Energy Secretaries and administrators to drive
and debate policy and implementation. You can see the complete program from http://greenenergysummit.com/programOverview.html.
i wish india all the best. i love india and live their part time but have removed it from my long term plans as i do not think it is sustainable. i applaud the efforts to move into an alternative energy economy but the population is just too large to make much progress. with 65% of the population of child bearing age i see no hope for the population not to grow exponentially for the foreseaable future.
the idea of using bio fuels i find unsustainable as india right now is just barely able to feed itself and has considerable water issues,( the aquifer which supplies water for the punjab ,india’s breadbasket, is being used at 145%of recharge)
i might be missing something in terms of bio fuels but there will be major disruptions of food supply should any agricultural land be used for bio fuel production.an added problem with adding popualtion is the urban sprawl which will take additional land out of production.
i live in maharashtra state and i have electricity 12 hours a day if i am lucky. i am also lucky if it is full voltage. abut 10 % comes from wind farms. there would have to be a considerable increase in production just to get to where there is electricity full time let alone to account for the growth of population and industry.
for the near and mid term i see india being reliant on a relatively stable middle east (particularly iran) for its supplies of petroleum. i hope i am being overy pessimisstic.
thank you for the update from india
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