This slide describes what happens when an NSA analyst “tasks” the PRISM system for information about a new surveillance target. The request to add a new target is passed automatically to a supervisor who reviews the “selectors,” or search terms. The supervisor must endorse the analyst’s “reasonable belief,” defined as 51 percent confidence, that the specified target is a foreign national who is overseas at the time of collection.
The Defense Department, which manages many of the nation’s intelligence assets, including the National Security Agency, spent about $35 billion on information technology in the fiscal year that ended last September, down from the 2010 peak of roughly $38 billion, according to research firm IDC Government Insights.
The rise of cloud computing—where users share space on hundreds or thousands of Internet-connected servers—has created an opening for less traditional vendors.
Made in the USA: Can China save America’s middle class? (westcoastjan)
The downward spiral in the Gassman’s finances has left them in a precarious position. Their situation comes at a time of growing concern about income inequality and its effect on America’s shrinking middle class.
Has the U.S. Reached Peak Car? (James S.)
There have been a number of recent research reports addressing the notion of ‘Peak Car’ – whether driving has peaked per person in the US. So here are a bunch of interesting tidbits and nuggets I have gleaned from the reports ‘A New Direction‘ and ‘Has Motorization in the US Peaked?’, as well as an update on miles driven… it’s all downhill from here.
Up until now, solar powered grilling has required, as you might expect, the sun, which means traditional fuel-fired grills are required after sunset. But new solar technology developed by MIT professor David Wilson could bring a nighttime solar-powered grill to the market very soon; an invention also of great benefit to those in developing nations who rely on wood to cook all their food.
New material holds big energy hope (Arthur Robey)
“Our material performs significantly better than existing high dielectric constant materials so it has huge potential. With further development, the material could be used in ‘supercapacitors’ which store enormous amounts of energy, removing current energy storage limitations and throwing the door wide open for innovation in the areas of renewable energy, electric cars, even space and defence technologies,” said Associate Professor Liu.
“Trash generation is down because of the economy — people buy less stuff,” Spencer said. “It’s an industrywide phenomenon. So generally, it’s a 20 percent reduction in trash.” That means there also are fewer recyclables. And that’s bad news for Windham Solid Waste, which is in the recycling business.
Gold & Silver
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