Blacklight Power

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hommer
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Blacklight Power
 
Blacklight power claims to have found a way to create electical energy from water vapor.  Anyone heard of this?
 

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Business Summary

Business Presentation
(This is a large file which may take a while to load.)An overview of BlackLight’s business, technology and market potential.
BlackLight Power Business Summary
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Industry Overview

Industry Overview and Market Opportunity

According to the Energy Information Association (“EIA”), during the last 2 decades, global demand for energy has nearly doubled. This rapid growth has resulted in imbalances of supply and demand of electricity and natural resources worldwide. Global energy demand has grown 24.1% from 2000 to 2008, and the EIA projects growth of 51% by 2035 from 2010 demand levels. Energy provided by existing renewable sources, primarily wind and solar which are relatively poor sources of baseload power, is projected to grow rapidly during this time period, but is expected to satisfy only 14% of global demand by the year 2035 (Figure 1). In fact, despite global mandates on the use of renewable forms of energy and increased energy conservation, consumption of fossil fuels is projected to increase 38% over the same time period.

BlackLight’s proprietary process is the culmination of years of research costing over $60M into the existence of lower-energy-state hydrogen that the Company has trademarked a HYDRINO®. The corresponding energy release represents a new energy source that could be a cost effective, environmentally friendly replacement for fossil fuels. As such, BlackLight’s potential addressable market is enormous by any measure. According to EIA, the annual market for fossil fuels in the United States is approximately $1 trillion, and management estimates the global market to be in excess of $4 trillion. As noted above, these markets are expected to experience significant growth through the year 2035. This growth in energy demand will also result in enormous capital investment. The International Energy Agency estimates over $1 trillion of annual energy-related capital expenditures through 2030. To meet demand for key energy sources, the United States is forced to rely on foreign countries, many of which maintain delicate political relationships with the United States. In 2010, petroleum, America’s lifeblood, made up 37% of the energy it consumed compared to just 8% from renewables. Precariously, the U.S. imports about 49% of the crude oil and refined petroleum products that it uses costing approximately 60% of total non-renewable fuel spending [source: EIA]. Given that energy has become a “national security issue” and is at the center of global environmental concerns, BlackLight believes its technology will be embraced by regulators, energy producers and consumers alike.

Global Energy Consumption   Energy by Fuel Type
Sources: Energy Information Administration, www.eia.doe.gov.
(1) Unconventional includes biofuels, bitumen extra-heavy oils, coal-to-liquids, and gas-to-liquids.
(2) Liquids excludes unconventional liquids.

Company Overview

BlackLight Power believes it has developed a process to form a previously undiscovered form of hydrogen, Hydrinos.  The Company believes this process, the “BlackLight Process,” of making Hydrinos shown schematically in the figure, right, results in a nonpolluting new primary source of energy.  The proprietary BlackLight Process entails two approaches to making power.  One involves electrochemical reactants wherein only H2O vapor is consumed in an electrochemical reaction to transform hydrogen to a lower energy state and concomitantly directly produce electricity, and the other involves thermally regenerative solid fuels developed by the Company that undergo a chemical reaction to transform hydrogen to a lower energy state and release a large gain in thermal power that can used directly in heating applications or to produce electricity using conventional steam-based power plant equipment.  The lower energy atomic hydrogen product resulting from this transition is a Hydrino.  The Company has developed three power systems for producing electricity powered by forming Hydrinos by the direct electric and the thermal energy releasing reactions: one electrochemical system and two thermal systems.  A CIHT (Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition) cell generates electricity from H2O vapor that may be extracted from air.  Unlike a conventional hydrogen fuel cell, the cost is forecast at under $100 per kW compared to thousands per kW for a fuel cell.  This is in part due to the CIHT cell’s electrical energy released per hydrogen being over 200 times greater, and the CIHT materials being inexpensive.  Moreover, fuel cells cannot utilize water as the source of hydrogen, since their product is water.  For CIHT, no fuel infrastructure is required to provide on-site power allowing the CIHT cell to be autonomous.


hydrino reaction

• Atomic hydrogen reacts with an energy acceptor called a catalyst wherein energy is transferred from atomic hydrogen to the catalyst that forms an ion due to accepting the energy.

• Then, the negative electron drops to a lower shell closer to the positive proton to form a smaller hydrogen atom, that the Company calls a “Hydrino,” releasing energy to produce electricity or heat depending on the design of the system.

• The catalyst ion regains its lost electrons to reform the catalyst for another cycle with the release of the initial energy accepted from H (atomic hydrogen).


In addition, the Company has developed two power plant systems that convert the thermal power from thermal producing solid fuel chemistries that in turn can be thermally regenerated into electricity.  One comprises a multi-tube thermally interacting bundle of cells wherein the Hydrino reactions are maintained and regenerated alternately in batch-mode in a given cell of the bundle of cells.  Heat from the power production phase of a thermally reversible cycle provides the energy for regeneration of the initial reactants from the products. Since there are reactants undergoing both modes at any given time, the thermal power output of the system comprising a bundle of cells is constant.  The capital cost is projected to be about $1400 kW electric.  The other system comprises an array of reactor cells wherein power and regeneration chemistries occur synchronously in each cell, and each cell outputs constant power.  The capital cost is projected to be about $1050 kW electric.  Thus, the Company believes that continuous generation of power liberated by forming Hydrinos is commercially feasible using simplistic and efficient systems that concurrently maintain regeneration as part of the thermal energy balance.  The system is closed except that only hydrogen consumed in forming Hydrinos needs to be replaced.
BlackLight believes the process can run continuously using simple electrochemical or thermal systems and may eventually provide economically green competitive products in a wide range of applications including:
  • Residential electrical power
  • Micro-distributed electrical power
  • Motive power
  • Marine power
  • Aviation power
  • Space and process heating
  • Commercial/industrial process heating
  • Residential heating
  • Distributed power
  • Central power generation
  • Co-generation
  • Other applications, including lighting,
    lasers and specialty chemicals

Capital and Generation Costs Comparisons of BlackLight Power Sources Versus Other Primary Energy Sources or Power Converters

  Average Generating Capacity (kW) Installed Cost ($/kW) Levelized cost of Electricity ($/kWh) CO2 Emission (lbs./MWh)
CENTRAL GEN
BLP Thermal 1000+ 1,000 <0.01 0
Natural Gas Combined Cycle 400,000 1,000 0.06 800
Coal 1,300,000 2,000 0.09 1,800
Nuclear 2,236,000 5,300 0.11  
DG APPLICATIONS
BLP CIHT <1,000 <100 <0.01 0
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell* 10 14,800 0.23 800
Wind* 2 7,800 0.10  
Photovoltaic* 2 6,900 0.28  

Sources: EIA, *Multiple Sources

Industry Overview

Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (CIHT) Electrochemical Cell

Galaxy

Hubble Space Telescope image of galaxy cluster Cl 0024+17 shows a ghostly “ring” of dark matter, a prior unknown substance that pervades the universe.  Courtesy of NASA/ESA, M.J. Jee and H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University), Nov. 2004.

In its facility in Cranbury, NJ, BlackLight Power, Inc. has a proprietary breakthrough power-producing system continuously operating that converts ubiquitous H2O vapor into electricity as the only source of fuel as confirmed by six separate independent individual or groups of leading scientists from academia and industry with PhDs from prestigious universities including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the California Institute of Technology.  Specifically, BlackLight Power, Inc. has developed a commercially competitive, nonpolluting fundamentally new primary source of energy that forms a prior undiscovered, more stable form of hydrogen called “Hydrino” predicted by its founder Dr. Randell Mills that releases two hundred times more energy than burning hydrogen.  This enormous chemical energy gain is thermodynamically enabling of using common water as the source of hydrogen fuel.  The cell invented to harness this clean energy source as electrical output is called a Catalyst Induced Hydrino Transition (CIHT) electrochemical cell.  The proprietary BlackLight Process creates a new primary source of energy by using catalysts to cause hydrogen atoms to transition to lower-energy states by allowing their electrons to fall to smaller radii around the nucleus, resulting in a release of energy that is intermediate between chemical and nuclear energies.  The lower-energy, atomic hydrogen product formed by this process is called a Hydrino.  The hydrogen atoms (2H) of H2O are extracted by the well-known process of electrolysis to serve as fuel to activate the cell.  Then, H is converted to Hydrinos with a net release of multiple amounts of electricity than that of the activation wherein additional H2O is directly converted to Hydinos, oxygen, and electricity.  Based on a vast body of data, the Hydrino product is very likely the dark matter of the universe (left), a form of matter so stable and inert that it has defied identification over decades despite the astronomical observation that it accounts for almost all of the mass of the universe.  The terrestrial implications, confirmed by the Company’s laboratory data, is that Hydrinos are safe and non-polluting, and the corresponding source of power is inexhaustible.  The continuous autonomous generation of electricity from H2O by a safe, nonpolluting, simple, reliable, sustainable, inexpensive system operating under standard conditions would be transformational to the energy industry.

The CIHT cells are continuously regenerative and operate at essentially instantaneous constant power output during discharge over long duration.  In power applications, a portion of a stack could provide electrolysis power for another such that the system is an autonomous source of on-site power, independent of the grid or fuels infrastructure as well being independent of the sun, wind, or other external variable power sources.  The CIHT cell operates under conditions that are similar to those of existing technology such as fuel cells and batteries, but has extraordinary distinctions that define a new category for CIHT.  For example, it does not require an external primary energy source of chemical fuels or electricity derived from chemical fuels, it creates power essentially instantaneously, and uses abundant, nontoxic, commodity chemicals that project a factor of 10 times reduction in capital costs relative to conventional electricity sources.  The CIHT cell, even in its current, non-optimized state, projects commercial competitiveness as stand-alone power in essentially all power markets including residential, commercial, motive, marine, and aviation.  With projected cheaper capital costs than any other power source, no infrastructure costs, no fuels cost, and no pollution including green house gases, the value of this technology can be conservatively measured against the displaced >$4 trillion per year commodity cost of fuels plus the avoided infrastructure build out and maintenance costs of >$2 trillion per year. [sources ADL, EIA].

The process of the conversion of water vapor (H2O) to electricity and the products of oxygen and Hydrinos, dark matter form of H2, has unsurpassed fuel cycle sustainability, availability, handling, cost, and environmental advantages. Dark matter whose identity has been sought for decades is known to comprise almost all of the mass of the universe with the small balance of visible matter being ordinary hydrogen and all other elements, also observed on Earth, at relative trace abundance.  Due to its conventional absolute lack of interaction or reactivity with light or ordinary matter, dark matter has resisted detection other than by its gravitational signatures on an astronomical scale.  BlackLight’s theoretical, spectroscopic, astronomical, and analytical data regarding Hydrinos and dark matter have been widely published in the scientific literature in about 100 articles and a comprehensive three-volume theory book.  Recently, the prestigious European Physical Journal D selected as a highlighted article, the Company’s results of the predicted characteristic high-energy light emission from hydrogen forming Hydrinos using a high-voltage pinched pulsed plasma source that further reported the replication of this signature at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) (figure right and apparatus below).

Hydrino Continuum Radiation (Upper curve) and Helium Control Showing Discrete Line Emission (Lower Curve) Recorded at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). (Since this light is not of visible wavelengths it is referred to as blacklight.)
Schematic (left, click to enlarge) and System (right) for Producing and Recording the Hydrino Continuum Radiation. 
Schematic
 
System

The hydrogen emission from forming Hydrinos is extraordinary being in the high-energy, vacuum ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum and uniquely comprises a continuum of wavelengths.  In contrast, the prior known hydrogen light emission from the relaxation of excited electronics states comprises discrete wavelengths at much lower energies.  BlackLight was the first to demonstrate that hydrogen emits higher energy light than previously thought possible based on the mathematical postulated lowest hydrogen energy level or ground state of quantum theory.  Moreover, BlackLight has published evidence that Hydrinos are a natural constituent of the Earth.  The Hydrino molecular product is safe being inert and is also much lighter than air; so, there is a fast rate of its escaping to space after being released into the atmosphere.  Therefore, the Hydrino power-generating process does not give rise to pollution, green-house gases, or radiation as conventional systems do.  Moreover, the source of fuel to form Hydrinos, water, is the fundamental chemical of life and covers most of the Earth.

Each CIHT cell comprises a positive electrode, the cathode, a negative electrode, the anode, and an electrolyte that also serves as a source of reactants to form Hydrinos.  The CIHT cell uses a theoretically predicted extraordinary catalyst that was used in this ideally suited application for the first time by the Company.  Due to oxidation-reduction half cell reactions, a Hydrino-producing reaction mixture is constituted with the migration of electrons through an external circuit and ion mass transport through a separate internal path through the electrolyte to complete an electrical circuit.  The cells operate in an electrolytically regenerative manner wherein atomic hydrogen is formed by electrolysis of H2O and supplied to the electrochemical process to initiate the conversion of H2O to electricity wherein the hydrogen catalyst and subsequently Hydrinos are formed by a reaction of the reaction mixture during cell discharge with a net large gain of electrical output.  A schematic is shown below.

CIHT SchematicCIHT Schematic
The theoretical basis and laboratory performance of CIHT technology has been confirmed by six separate independent individual or groups of leading scientists from academia and industry with PhDs from prestigious universities including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the California Institute of Technology.  Each validator reviewed the classical theory and analytical data regarding the identification of the new form of matter as the cell product, the lower state hydrogen called “Hydrino”.  The consensus is that the theory is based on applying physical laws rather than pure mathematics to solve the structure of the electron and thereby predict atomic observables previously impossible to solve or unknown.  The accuracy of the results is unparalleled by even the incumbent theory of quantum mechanics, and this new approach does provide solutions to previously intractable problems.  Furthermore, it predicts catalysts and reactions that form Hydrinos from atomic hydrogen and the corresponding experimental observables such as continuum radiation and extraordinary fast H as signatures of the catalyst reaction.  The data published in leading physics journals confirm these predictions.  Furthermore spectroscopy on Hydrino containing gas confirms predicted spectral signatures that are characteristic of and identify Hydrinos.

Each scientist or group of scientists fabricated and tested CIHT cells that were continuously operated over long duration, 30 to 70 days.  Using redundant state-of-the-art factory calibrated battery and fuel cell testing instruments and independent electrical test equipment that was calibrated against National Institute of Standards and Technology standards, each validator confirmed that their cells unequivocally produced multiples of the electrical power out relative to that consumed to supply hydrogen fuel to the electrochemical process from trace water vapor entrained in an inert argon carrier gas as the only input to the cell.  Extensive analytical tests were performed on the initial and final chemicals, and the controls without H2O fuel as well as those using chemically similar electrolytes with the same electrodes showed no excess electricity.  It was further confirmed that it was impossible based on any known process that H2O could produce net electricity given the chemical composition of the cells.  In summary, each validator concluded that BlackLight has successfully solved the theoretical basis, invented, fabricated, and tested CIHT cells that run on H2O vapor input as hydrogen fuel while producing net electrical output of greater than 10 times the electrolysis input to initiate the process.  Cells have produced steady power for over two months before being stopped for cell materials and hydrino product analysis.  Based on the laws of thermodynamics there is no alternative source of energy other than the formation of Hydrinos in an electrochemical reaction that manifests its power output as electricity.

Further commercial analysis by the validators confirmed that each cell uses cheap, abundant, nontoxic, commodity chemicals.  There seems to be no future projected shortage of materials to preclude massive manufacturing.  Nor, is the capital cost prohibitive.  The cost of the chemicals based on optimization of the cell dimensions is estimated to be under $100/kW compared to over ten times that for fuel cells that further require a source of hydrogen or hydrogen gas and a fuel infrastructure.  The systems and operational parameters of the CIHT cell are very simple compared to those of fuel cells such that the cost of chemicals is anticipated to constitute most of the cell capital cost.  Moreover, it is significant that the CIHT cell is safe in that it could be operated open to the atmosphere.  There was no self-discharge, and the power is essentially instantaneous, a tremendous advantage over conventional fuel cells that have a very long delay between power availability and demand due to gas diffusion limitations.  Thus, grid load leveling in stationary and a battery assist in motive applications are eliminated.  Furthermore, the power density may be high, 3000 W/liter, that is higher than that of lithium ion batteries and permissive of motive applications.

Based on the hydrogen content of H2O and the electricity that can be produced from the corresponding hydrogen, the maximum theoretical range from a liter of water for a standard mid-sized car is 3000 miles.  A concept CIHT electric vehicle is shown in the figure below.  Based on projections of the CIHT cell surface power density and available materials, a 133-liter cell could deliver 200 kW or 267 HP and weigh only 133 kg, about one-third the weight of an internal combustion engine (ICE) of the same power.  The total projected cost of the CIHT stack, control electronics, electric motors, and transmission, is less than the cost of the of the ICE and drive train of a conventional gasoline-fired vehicle without any fuel costs or pollution; nor, does the CIHT-powered car require an expensive, range limiting battery or electric charging as is the case of electric vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, or Tesla.  The corresponding CIHT economics forecast a shift from the fossil fuel business to vehicle leasing or a mileage credit card system as a means to derive even greater profits from payment for miles traveled without the need to extract, refine, transport, or sell gasoline, for example.

CIHT Concept Car
CIHT Car

Since 1.5 kW is the base load power of most homes in developed countries, a goal is to develop a 1.5 kW commercial demonstration unit having operational parameters advanced to commercially acceptable levels while developing and filing patents on the cell optimization and manufacturing methods and systems.  To advance CIHT technology to commercialization, the essential milestone is scalability in terms of the size of the electrodes and the development of a bipolar plate comprising a back-to-back positive and negative electrode that can be stacked with intervening layers of electrolyte to form a stack of CIHT cells having a voltage that is the integer multiple of the number of cells.  BlackLight has achieved both milestones with multiple times electrical gain operating over long duration at the 10 W scale.  Based on industry precedent, a team comprising nine scientists and engineers should achieve a 10-fold increase in the power level every 6 to 9 months.  Thus, approximately 9-12 months from the completion of a 100 W unit planned for completion by the end of 2012, a 1.5 kW proof-of-principle unit that can serve the residential power market as an initial target commercial application should be operational.  This 1.5 kW unit should serve as a module for scaling to commercial and motive applications.  Currently about 7000 computer batteries are used in the Tesla Roadster to generate 200 kW (267 HP).  These batteries have superior performance and lower cost due to the perfection of the manufacturing process for electronic applications [Gene Berdichevsky, Kurt Kelty, JB Straubel and Erik Toomre, “The Tesla Roadster Battery System,” Tesla Motors, August 16, 2006; http://www.teslamotors.com/roadster/technology].  If this scaling and business model hold for the BlackLight CIHT cell, we envision ganging 1.5 kW cells together to meet essentially any power application.  Ganging the same number of cells as the Tesla Roadster equates to 10.5 MW (14,000 HP), more power than a 20-carriage high-speed railway train such as that of Eurostar.

CIHT Business and Licensing

In stationary CIHT power applications, the Company plans to: (i) license original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to fabricate CIHT units to exclusively sell to the Company, (ii) license service companies to install and service the units, (iii) pursue financing with the units and cash flow as collateral, and (iv) lease units to power customers under power purchase agreements.  In motive power markets, the Company plans to pursue licensing, strategic partnerships, and leasing.  One of BlackLight’s initial mass-market objectives to achieve economies of scale is a unit that can serve the residential market under a power purchase agreement wherein backup power is legislatively mandated for the unit that will connect after the utility meter.  This scenario guarantees customers reliable power as the CIHT cell is advanced.  The units could be installed and maintained through distributors under contract with the Company.  The Company plans to execute original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and distributor relationships and agreements while the technology is under development.  A model based on residential CIHT units indicates that the unit could pay for itself in less than three months with the electrical power revenue sold under a power purchase agreement with the consumer.

CIHT

Thermal Power Systems

In addition, to electrochemical systems, the Company has developed thermal producing solid fuel chemistries that in turn can be thermally regenerated.  Thus, the Company believes that continuous generation of power liberated by forming Hydrinos is commercially feasible using simplistic and efficient systems that concurrently maintain regeneration as part of the thermal energy balance.  The system is closed except that only hydrogen consumed in forming Hydrinos needs to be replaced.  The solid fuel chemistries including new ones based on the catalyst used in the CIHT cells have been developed that are very efficient at liberating thermal energy from forming Hydrinos, and these fuels have been validated to be thermally regenerative.  In principle, green, thermal central and distributed power plants can be operated continuously as power and regeneration reactions of the fuel mixture are maintained in synchrony.  Chemistries and engineering designs have been developed for two thermal-Rankine systems.  One, shown in the figures at right, comprises a multi-tube thermally interacting bundle of cells wherein the Hydrino reactions are maintained and regenerated alternately in batch-mode in a given cell of the bundle of cells.  Heat from the power production phase of a thermally reversible cycle provides the energy for regeneration of the initial reactants from the products.  Since there are reactants undergoing both modes at any given time, the thermal power output of the system comprising a bundle of cells is constant. The capital cost is projected to be about $1400 kW electric.

ThermalCoupleBoiler
Schematic of Boiler Housing Thermally
Coupled Multi-Cell Bundles

ThermalCoupleGen
Schematic of Steam Driven Electrical Power Generation System Having Thermally-Coupled Cells in Reactor Bundles

The other system, shown in the figures at right, comprises an array of reactor cells wherein power and regeneration chemistries occur synchronously in each cell, and each cell outputs constant power.  The capital cost is projected to be about $1050 kW electric.  Based on the observed energy gain and successful thermal regeneration of the solid fuel, the Company believes that environmentally friendly distributed and central power plants can be operated continuously as power and regeneration reactions are maintained in synchrony.  The system may be self-contained except that only the hydrogen consumed in forming Hydrinos need be replaced as molecular Hydrino is released.  Due to the independence from fuels infrastructure and the absence of any pollution whatsoever, new power-generation business opportunities of distributed generation may exist even at thermal power scales that are achievable in the nearer term using modification of readily available commercial equipment.  The system applications for distributed power (1 to 10 MW electric) and central generation retrofit and green-field projects are projected to be very competitive relative to existing power sources and systems.

BlackLight has published in the engineering literature on power plant designs such as the one comprising a multi-tube thermally interacting bundle of cells wherein cells producing power provide heat to those undergoing regeneration and another comprising an array of reactor cells wherein power and regeneration chemistries occur synchronously.   In recent work at BlackLight, the application of the catalyst that enables the CIHT cell has given rise to a breakthrough in the development of commercially competitive thermally regenerative solid fuels for utilization in these plants.  The high energy gains observed on solid fuels reactions with instruments which operate like power equipment (see photos below) have been confirmed on commercial instruments at independent testing laboratories.  Hydrinos were observed to have formed as a result of the heat release.

Thermally Regenerative Boiler
Schematic of Boiler Having Self Thermally Regenerative Cells

Steam Driven Generation
Schematic of Steam Driven Electrical Power Generation System Having Self Thermally Regenerative Cells
LabPic1
 
LabPic2
Thermal Business and Licensing

BlackLight’s business model for thermal power using solid fuels is focused on licensing power producers to utilize the BlackLight Process as a fuel/heat source replacement.  The Company intends to license the BlackLight Process and its related energy technology to power producers and power users globally in all fields of power production and utilization in exchange for royalty fees and milestone payments.  BlackLight is non-exclusively licensing its process to make power for a fixed royalty payment per kilowatt-hour of thermal or electric (e.g. $x per thermal kilowatt hour or $y per BTU).  BlackLight anticipates licensees contracting for retrofit of existing plants and for turnkey plants to be built by engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) firms and OEMs.  To date, the Company has licensed the rights to produce approximately 8,250 MW of new electrical power to seven companies, including five electrical utilities and two independent power producers.  Collectively, these utility companies own, purchase, or manage electric power production of approximately 7,600 MW and service nearly one million customers.  The avoided fuel costs from these agreements could be in excess of $2 billion per year.

CIHT

Patents and Proprietary Technology

The Company’s main priority is to file and obtain patents relating to the BlackLight Process, the application of the process, and the resulting Hydrino products and compositions of matter.  We have filed numerous patent applications worldwide regarding these embodiments to protect the technology as it has progressed to the current CIHT technology and solid fuels being pursued for commercial use.  Protection regarding the BlackLight Process, regarding CIHT technology used in the process, was sought with the worldwide filing of patent applications on or about March 18, 2010, March 17, 2011, and March 30, 2012.  Protection regarding the BlackLight Process, regarding solid fuels used in the process and thermal power plants, was sought with the worldwide filing of patent applications on or about April 24, 2008, July 29, 2009, March 18, 2010, March 17, 2011, and March 30, 2012.  Separate series of patent applications for protection of the underlying technology of Millsian software were also filed with the most recent filing on September 25, 2009.  The Company anticipates that the string of United States patent applications and foreign counterparts will provide broad patent protection of the Company’s valuable technology, if these applications ultimately issue as patents.

The Company has diligently prosecuted patent applications in the United States and abroad.  As of now, one U.S. and fifty-eight foreign patents relating to the BlackLight Process, two U.S. patents relating to Millsian modeling, and one U.S. patent relating to the BlackLight molecular laser have been issued.  One foreign patent relating to the BlackLight Process has been allowed and is expected to issue shortly.  In addition to the patent applications pending or granted in the United States, corresponding applications have been filed or granted in over 50 foreign countries.  BlackLight’s intellectual property counsel is Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garret & Dunner, LLP based in Washington, DC.

 
Arthur Robey's picture
Arthur Robey
Status: Diamond Member (Offline)
Joined: Feb 4 2010
Posts: 2505
Mass matters.

I am not a physicist. Therefore I have no intellectual baggage, but I believe that energy cannot be created or destroyed. The evidence that I have for that is that energy and matter are different manifestations of the same thing, therefore if you can create energy then you can create matter out of nothing. Which is a step too far, even for me.

In a conversation that I had with Prof. Muelenberg my understanding of what he said was that electrons have a frequency associated with them. They are fixed in their orbits by that frequency.  Prof Muelenberg was trying to explain the penetration of the Coulomb barrier (Cold Fusion) by postulating that the electrons can momentarily inhabit a forbidden fractional wavelength that is closer to the nucleus and thereby shielding the hydrogen clouds charge.

More here.

A neutron decays into a proton and an electron (Hydrogen) with a half-life of 10 min when it is away from the influence of the strong force in the nucleus. I take that to mean that there is an electon with an orbit 0.

Lasers pump energy into an electron cloud, one photon at a time. This is an energy storage device, not a source of energy. If Blacklight power is claiming that the source of their energy is that the electron falls into a lower orbit, that is exactly how a laser works.

Asimov said that all energy releases involves mass destruction. And all energy storage systems involve mass creation. If water is pumped uphill it gains mass. That mass is not obvious because it takes an awful lot of energy to make a tiny little bit of mass. (and versi visa)

So, where is the mass destruction in blacklights device?

Arthur Robey's picture
Arthur Robey
Status: Diamond Member (Offline)
Joined: Feb 4 2010
Posts: 2505
Mass matters.

I am not a physicist. Therefore I have no intellectual baggage, but I believe that energy cannot be created or destroyed. The evidence that I have for that is that energy and matter are different manifestations of the same thing, therefore if you can create energy then you can create matter out of nothing. Which is a step too far, even for me.

In a conversation that I had with Prof. Muelenberg my understanding of what he said was that electrons have a frequency associated with them. They are fixed in their orbits by that frequency.  Prof Muelenberg was trying to explain the penetration of the Coulomb barrier (Cold Fusion) by postulating that the electrons can momentarily inhabit a forbidden fractional wavelength that is closer to the nucleus and thereby shielding the hydrogen clouds charge.

More here.

A neutron decays into a proton and an electron (Hydrogen) with a half-life of 10 min when it is away from the influence of the strong force in the nucleus. I take that to mean that there is an electon with an orbit 0.

Lasers pump energy into an electron cloud, one photon at a time. This is an energy storage device, not a source of energy. If Blacklight power is claiming that the source of their energy is that the electron falls into a lower orbit, that is exactly how a laser works.

Asimov said that all energy releases involves mass destruction. And all energy storage systems involve mass creation. If water is pumped uphill it gains mass. That mass is not obvious because it takes an awful lot of energy to make a tiny little bit of mass. (and versi visa)

So, where is the mass destruction in blacklights device?

Jim H's picture
Jim H
Status: Diamond Member (Online)
Joined: Jun 8 2009
Posts: 1564
Regarding Blacklight's purported patent applications....

Kepplinger said that her "main concern was the proposition that the applicant was claiming the electron going to a lower orbital in a fashion that I knew was contrary to the known laws of physics and chemistry", and that the patent appeared to involve cold fusion and perpetual motion.[24] She contacted another Director, Robert Spar, who also expressed doubts on the patentability of the patent application. This caused the USPTO to withdraw from issue the patent application before it was granted and re-open it for review, and to withdraw four related applications, including one for a hydrino power plant.[23]

source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BlackLight_Power

The patent office is telling us that BlackLight is BS...  

Mots's picture
Mots
Status: Silver Member (Offline)
Joined: Jun 18 2012
Posts: 114
Blacklight filed a patent application or got a patent....so what

The US patent and trademark office grants stupid, invalid patents for a number of reasons:

1. the patent applicant may be too aggressive with pleasant sounding ideas that make sense on paper but that dont work in practice

2. the patent applicant may lie, particularly about data

3. the patent office makes mistakes

As Chris Martenson pointed out, dramatic changes in our understanding of reality require particularly strong proof.  Most people, at least here in America, are living in a dream world, a fantasy economics world unmoored from the mathematical reality  of the upcoming collapse and a fantasy physics and chemistry world unmoored by lack of deep study in physics and chemistry.  And not having training (prolonged study) in physics and chemistry does NOT make you better able to understand an advance.   In contrast, such igorance makes it easier for a person to be fooled by the vast amount of nonsense swirling around out there.  A person who has studied the attempts and successes/failures of physics experiments by formal study over hundreds or thousands of hours is vastly better equipped to judge whether a new energy idea is mere nonsense or not.  Those who breathlessly "report" astounding advances may lack intellectual modesty and respect for others who have made the effort to study science.  Taking pride in not studying science but arrogantly proclaiming astounding advances in science  that are incredible seems like an intellectual disease of a dying culture that particularly afflicts the West, in my opinion.

Jim H's picture
Jim H
Status: Diamond Member (Online)
Joined: Jun 8 2009
Posts: 1564
Well said Mots...

But as I said in my post, even the US Patent office couldn't choke down these applications.... 

But wait, there's more;  http://scientopia.org/blogs/goodmath/2011/12/29/hydrinos-impressive-free...

There is often a fine line between crackpottery and real breakthrough science. This also applies to the idea of what is real, vs. what is not in the realm of conspiracy theory.  It takes significant critical thinking, education, and research to really discern this line sometimes.  

Some of my own conclusions are:

Precious metals market manipulation:  Real

Chemtrails:  Not real, bordering in idiotic

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